Disruption of familiar practices or relocation to new environments can result in deterioration in existing hygiene behaviours, contributing to an increased risk of disease transmission and epidemics.
The F-diagram of disease control and transmission
Harmful substances in faeces can be spread through fingers, flies and fields/floors via food and fluids.
Breaking the chain of infection transmission at home and in the community, can make an important contribution to increased well-being and health.
A Coordinated Water Sanitation Hygiene (WASH) Response
Hygiene promotion is vital to a successful WASH response. It involves empowering people to take actions to mitigate water, sanitation and hygiene based diseases, and facilitates participations and accountability in WASH programmes. It also ensures that people make the best use of the water, sanitation and hygiene-enabling facilities and services provided AND the effective operation and maintenance of these facilities. Three key factors to address are:
- mutual sharing of available information and knowledge;
- mobilisation of affected communities;
- provision of essential materials and facilities (including Hygiene-related non food items).
(from The Sphere Project Handbook 2011)
Collaboration and coordination with WASH stakeholders is essential.
Key practices to target:
- the safe disposal of faeces including baby/child faeces
- hand washing after defecation and before food preparation
- appropriate use, cleaning and maintenance of sanitation facilities
- proper storage and safe use of water
- control of flies, mosquitoes and other disease vectors
- identification, selection and distribution of appropriate hygiene items e.g. sanitary items
| Hand washing
|| Menstrual Hygiene
Hand washing with soap (or an alternative such as ash) at critical times can reduce diarrhoeal incidence by 47%,and respiratory infections by 24%. (Fewtrell et al., 2005)
Coordinate clear messages and provide hand-washing facilities.
Breaking the taboo around menstrual hygiene and providing gender-sensitive facilities* assures the well-being and dignity of women and adolescent girls.
* a private and safe space with sufficient clean water and hygienic disposal receptacles that are ecologically sound.”
This page was last updated on 4 November 2013